Archives

How this West Bank village became a writers’ retreat

Feb. 1 marked the end of the winter vacation for Jordanian storyteller Sally Shalabi, who spent most of her time off in the Kafr Rumman village retreat, near the city of Tulkarm in the northern West Bank. As part of a cultural retreat program, Shalabi spent most of her time in an old house that was restored by the owner to receive intellectuals and artists.

Shalabi learned about the Kafr Rumman residency program from a friend’s Facebook page, and decided to visit the place and write about the retreat and the artists and writers who spend their time there.

Abed Rahman Othman is a local journalist and editor in chief at the German radio station DW (Deutsche Welle). He restored his family’s house along with other old houses he bought in the old town of the village at his own expense, to host writers and artists as part of a retreat program that he dubbed the Dooz Artists Residency, which started receiving guests at the beginning of 2017.

In return for free accommodation, the guests provide public services to the village, such as painting, drawing, writing and reading workshops for women and children.

Shalabi is Palestinian and hails from Tulkarm, located 7 miles west of Kafr Rumman. She visits her relatives in Palestine once a year, but this year decided to stay at the retreat center where she was able to focus on her research project.

She told Al-Monitor that after contacting Othman, she did not hesitate to travel to the West Bank to spend her vacation there. “I need my own space in a quiet or secluded place to be able to concentrate on storytelling performance. The Kafr Rumman residency was the ideal place for this,” Shalabi said.

She noted that during her stay, she helped the team make the last touches to the place, working with Othman, to fit the rugs, carpets and furniture. “I consider myself to be part of this magical place. I spent hours inside this house and never felt alone. I feel at home, as if I’m one of the locals and the owners of the house,” she said.

As per the retreat’s regulations, Shalabi made sure to interact with the children in the village. She said, “I work as a storyteller and this is what I did during the time I spent in the village. I would meet children randomly and tell them stories under a tree in the street. Many would gather around.”

Othman, who took an unpaid leave from his job in Germany to return to Palestine to restore the house, told Al-Monitor, “The main goal of this retreat is to encourage creativity in Palestine.”

“The house is open to all intellectuals, writers and artists who wish to spend time at a cultural retreat. It is a place for them to write, draw, paint or play music in return for spending half a day once a week teaching the children in the village — each in his or her field of specialty,” he said.

Othman, who has lived in Germany for 37 years, said that in the past he interviewed Arab writers who used to spend their vacations at the home of writer Heinrich Theodor Boll, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1972. Boll’s house turned into a retreat for many writers.

“I had the idea, but I made up my mind when I heard people talking in the village that the owners of some old traditional houses were considering demolishing them to build modern ones instead,” he said.

Othman bought eight houses (at a price he did not disclose) near his family’s residence and started his new project, in the hope that some cultural and official institutions would show interest.

“All institutions are welcome to take part in the restoration works, so the houses could be used as public facilities later on — perhaps operating under the name of the institutions that contribute to the project,” Othman said.

The house that has turned into a retreat is located in the old part of the village. The furniture was renovated and some new pieces were added, in addition to kitchen utensils for visitors to use. The house also has a small library and a garden surrounding it.

Othman is seeking to revive the heritage of traditional Palestinian houses. The restoration of the buildings he bought was done along the lines of the Palestinian traditional construction style, with natural stone exteriors. This style is vanishing in light of the wave of modern buildings and urbanism. He hopes that Kafr Rumman turns into a cultural beacon in this marginalized area in the West Bank.

According to Saeed Abu Mahla, the project coordinator at Abdul Mohsen al-Qattan Foundation in the nearby city of Jenin, this marginalization further contributed to getting the word out about the Kafr Rumman residency program and to promoting cultural projects in the area.

“Providing education, awareness and entertainment sources to a small marginalized town is of paramount significance. This would consolidate the connection of children and citizens to their heritage and tradition, which are fading away in our modern life. There should be more efforts to turn these projects into large cultural centers,” Abu Mahla told Al-Monitor.

He said, “The Kafr Rumman residency program is proof that sometimes individual efforts and initiatives are better than that of official and civil institutions, despite the fact that they require pressing need for sustainability and development.”

Abu Mahla noted that the biggest challenge for the Kafr Rumman retreat center is sustainability and permanency. “I believe this project needs joint social effort to be able to continue,” he said.

The Kafr Rumman residency program does not only bring the village to the attention of the public, but it could also be a cultural opportunity for the entire northern West Bank, which remains sidelined in the media and culturally, as the cultural focus is on the city of Ramallah in the central West Bank.

Source:

http://www.al-monitor.com

 

 

Advertisements

The dolls that defend Palestinian culture

By Dalia Hatuqa

Despite having her toy factory raided by Israeli forces, Hilana Abu Sharifeh will not give up on Yasser and Zeina.

Ramallah, occupied West Bank – In the dead of a cold December night, Israeli soldiers came for Yasser.

yasser-and-zeina

Yasser resembles the late President Yasser Arafat, while Zeina is the ‘Palestinian girl next door’

They rummaged through the shelves and behind the looms of a darkened factory, searching for the little man, only half a metre tall. They knew he would be easy to spot, wearing his signature black-and-white keffiyeh and olive-coloured military fatigues. Finally, they found him, expressionless and hiding in plain sight, along with a dozen other plush clones.

The brainchild of Hilana Abu Sharifeh, a 32-year-old mother of four, Yasser is among the dozens of toys she designs and manufactures at her small, Tulkarem-based business. His confiscation, along with about 1,700 other toys, baffles Abu Sharifeh to this day.

“The soldiers ransacked the whole place, seized fabric and damaged some of the products in the process,” she said of the toy factory that her husband first opened in their garage more than two decades ago.

“They especially went after Yasser, in his military fatigues, and the keffiyeh looms,” Abu Sharifeh told Al Jazeera. “They said it’s because the toys incited violence. The dolls are meant to reflect our culture and heritage, nothing else. In the case of Yasser, he resembles the late President Yasser Arafat.”

Rotem Toys, named after a plant that grows in the Mediterranean, had just started to pick up steam when Israeli forces raided the factory. Abu Sharifeh had recently re-branded the toy line, which her husband had to discontinue during the second Intifada. With new designs inspired by Palestinian culture, she was about to kick off a fresh line of high-quality dolls.

The plush toys, made from cotton cloth woven in Hebron, have a signature trademark: They wear clothing made from recycled thobes (traditional Palestinian dresses) and intricate embroidery.

“I didn’t understand why something like a keffiyeh would incite hatred,” she said. “For children, these toys are a means to understand and be proud of where they are from. Perhaps the Israelis thought we were selling toys similar to the ones seized a few days prior.”

Abu Sharifeh was referring to a shipment of toys confiscated at the Haifa port on December 9. Israeli customs authorities banned the dolls, which sported keffiyehs and clutched stones, from reaching areas administered by the Palestinian Authority (PA). Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely even accused Palestinians of trying “to poison the minds of innocent young children” with the toys.

In the last quarter of 2015, a new bout of violence erupted, leading to the highest number of casualties since 2005 among West Bank Palestinians, as well as Israeli soldiers, settlers and civilians, according to a recent UN report. Israeli officials blamed the deaths on a Palestinian “culture of hate” bred by incitement.

Some experts believe that Israel, embarking on its 50th year of occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, no longer tolerates even the most innocuous of Palestinian symbols. The Knesset recently passed an anti-terror law – which applies in Israel and occupied East Jerusalem – that could criminalise flag-waving or slogan-chanting.

“The moment symbols are connected to anti-colonial practice, they immediately become a threat,” said Ala al-Azzeh, a professor of cultural anthropology at Birzeit University. “It’s also about controlling the indigenous population – not just physically, but by destroying national identity and collective symbols. The colonial structure is deep enough to go after the seemingly mundane.”

In addition to defying Israeli restrictions, Abu Sharifeh is also challenging a trend in the Palestinian territories, where only 19 percent of women participate in the labour force, one of the lowest participation rates in the world. It is a staggering number, considering that female education rates are high, said Ola Awad, president of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.

“There are very [few] opportunities for women in the limited labour market we have, and there are few incentives for women to join it,” Awad said.

“Israeli checkpoints between the cities and closures make movement unpredictable, affect women’s mobility and discourage them from leaving their home,” she added. “Couple that with other associated costs, such as daycare for the children, and you can see that the Palestinian woman is paying a high price to work outside of her home.”

To get Rotem Toys back on its feet, Abu Sharifeh’s relatives launched an online crowdfunding campaign to replace what was damaged and confiscated in the Israeli army raid. She also took several training courses on production, leadership and commerce, which helped her to go from selling low-cost toys to manufacturing labour-intensive dolls, many with hand-stitched details.

She upgraded the toy line to meet safety standards, using only non-toxic raw materials and discarding any clipped-on or glued accessories, beads, wires or small objects that could be choking hazards. Because Abu Sharifeh does not own a store, she uses Facebook to promote her products, manage sales and deliver toys in many West Bank cities. She is also planning to ship internationally.

So far, Rotem Toys has sold more than 4,000 dolls, many with removable clothing and accessories that are inspired by different regions and towns in the West Bank. The Zeina collection comprises half of all sales.

“Zeina is the Palestinian girl next door,” Abu Sharifeh explained. “Her jet-black hair is often parted into a braid or a ponytail. Her outfits change, from the traditional, like a thobe, to the modern – a simple T-shirt with an accessory, like a belt or a hair clip, but always with intricate embroidery patterns.

“By contrast, Yasser only has three outfits: military fatigues, pants and a keffiyeh, or a trifecta of a male thobe [a long tunic or shirt], sirwal [a baggy pair of trousers] and qumbaz [a long coat]. He’s also dressed up as Santa during the Christmas holidays.”

Emirates, Holland and Germany. Exporting the toys using the old design, inspired by Disney and Pixar characters, was not possible because of copyright and quality issues. Similar but higher-quality, cheaper goods from China also made it hard to compete on the global market.

To offset some of these challenges, Abu Sharifeh registered Zeina and Yasser as a trademark and started designing the toys herself, turning to a niece and a friend who designs jewellery to help sketch out her ideas.

The factory currently produces 20 toys a day – 10 if hand-made stitching is involved – and employs five people, including three women. Cutting and sewing is done on machines, while wrapping and some of the embroidery is done by hand.

But keeping Rotem Toys up and running has been a struggle. The costs of operating the factory are high, and Israel’s control of border crossings has meant lofty customs fees on the raw materials Abu Sharifeh imports, which are also taxed by the PA.

“I don’t want my target customer to be from the upper class,” she said. “But getting taxed by both Israel and the PA drives up the prices.” Abu Sharifeh accordingly created a two-tiered pricing system: Toys slated for export will sell for between 100 and 150 shekels ($26-$39), while those sold locally are priced between 75 and 80 shekels ($19-$21).

“It’s a bit more expensive if hand-embroidery is involved or if specific requirements are needed,” Abu Sharifeh said. “But at the end of the day, these toys are a small way to support and promote our culture and symbols, which are increasingly facing appropriation.”

 

Source:

http://www.aljazeera.com

 

Palestinian photojournalist appeals for support to exit Gaza to accept award

GAZA CITY (Ma’an) — Palestinian photojournalist Ashraf Abu Amra from the city of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip has appealed to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Journalists Syndicate for assistance to travel to Moscow from the blockaded coastal enclave to accept an award.

Palestinian photojournalist

Palestinian photojournalist

Abu Amra won second place in the Top News category for the Andrei Stenin International Press Photo Contest, it was announced on Thursday.More than 7,000 young photojournalists from 71 countries competed for the awards in different five categories.Abu Amra was also a winner in the 2015 competition, but was unable to travel outside of the Gaza Strip due to the ongoing Israeli blockade of the territory. The awards ceremony is scheduled to be held on Aug. 30. “This award means a lot to me. Through my participation in the ceremony, I would be representing Palestine in a competition joined by the most outstanding journalists from all over the world. My goal is to raise the voice of Palestine in front of the whole world,” Amra told Ma’an on Saturday.

Abu Amra was awarded for a photo he captured in 2015 of bereaved Palestinian father Yahya Hassan, holding the body of his two-year-old daughter Rahaf during her funeral. Rahaf was killed by an Israeli airstrike in October.

Abu Amra’s appeal comes as Israel’s military blockade of the Gaza Strip approaches nearly a decade. The blockade has plunged the Gaza Strip’s more than 1.8 million Palestinians into poverty, while the destruction from three Israeli offensives over the past six years and slow reconstruction led the UN in September to warn that Gaza could be “uninhabitable” by 2020.While Egypt’s Rafah border crossing has remained the main lifeline for Gazans to the outside world, Egyptian authorities have slowly sealed off movement through the border since democratically-elected president Muhammad Morsi was toppled by the Egyptian army in 2013.Due to the constraints on Palestinian movement through the crossing, many are commonly barred from leaving or entering the Gaza Strip, some for months at a time, as the crossing is only periodically opened by Egyptian authorities, stranding Palestinians on both sides of the crossing during closures.

In 2015, the Rafah crossing was closed for 344 days. According to UN documentation, the crossing has been partially opened for 14 non-consecutive days since the beginning of 2016. Over 30,000 people are registered and waiting to cross, according to the Palestinian authorities in Gaza.

Source:

http://maannews.com